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증거기반 정책연구를 위한 행정자료의 활용 (KIRL Working Paper 20-02, 한국사회정책 출판)

유종성, 전병유, 신광영, 이도훈, 최성수

Author
Jong-sung You(유종성), Byung You Cheon(전병유), Kwang-Yeong Shin(신광영), Dohoon Lee(이도훈), Seongsoo Choi(최성수) 


Title 

증거기반 정책연구를 위한 행정자료의 활용

(KIRL Working Paper 2020-2-> 한국사회정책 27권 1호 출판확정)

Year
2020

Abstract

증거 기반 정책(evidence-based policy) 위한 행정자료(administrative data), 특히 행정 빅데이터의 연계통합과 활용은 북유럽 국가들로부터 시작하여 최근 영국미국 등에서도 급속도로 확산되고 있다한국은 인터넷 강국으로서 전자정부와 공공데이터 개방 등의 국제적 평가에서 최상위권에 위치하지만행정 빅데이터를 활용한 사회과학  정책 연구는 아직 미비한 상황이다전국민과 가구에 대한 소득-자산 등의 데이터도 제대로 구축되지 않았고행정 자료간의 연계 통합이나 행정자료와 조사자료(survey data) 간의 연계는 거의 이루어지지 않고 있다본고는 증거 기반 정책을 위한 연구에 행정자료의 활용이 왜 필요한지 그리고 이와 관련하여 개인정보 보호 문제가 북유럽과 영국미국 등지에서는 어떻게 다루어지는지 살펴보고한국에의 함의를 검토한다우리는 통계청이 국세청 등과 협력하여 등록센서스의 패널 구축과 전국민 등록 기반의 고품질 소득-자산 DB 구축 등을 시급히 추진할 것과 함께 학계의 적극적인 이니셔티브 하에 행정자료를 연계활용하는 연구 프로젝트들을 한국연구재단과 경제인문사회연구회 등이 적극 지원협력할 것을 제안한다


The use of administrative data, or big administrative data, for evidence-based policy research has been rapidly spreading, from Nordic countries at the beginning to other countries in Europe and North America. Although Korea ranks high in international assessment of e-government and open access to government data, the use of administrative data in social sciences and policy research has been very limited. Linking multiple sources of administrative data and survey data and constructing a comprehensive high-quality population data is extremely difficult and hardly achieved. In this paper, we discuss the value of utilizing administrative data for evidence-based policymaking and social science research. We examine how the issue of privacy protection has been addressed in relation to the use of linked administrative data in Scandinavia, the UK, and the US. In conclusion, we urge Statistics Korea to construct a panel dataset of register-based Census and a full-population register-based quality dataset of incomes and assets in collaboration with National Tax Service and other public agencies. Social scientists should take the initiative in launching large research projects using linked administrative data, and National Research Foundation of Korea and National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences need to actively promote such projects.


Key words증거기반 정책행정자료빅데이터데이터 연계개인정보 보호
(evidence-based policy, administrative data, big data, data linkage, privacy protection)